- 1Department of Pharmacy, Veterans Health Care System of the Ozarks, Fayetteville, AR, USA.
What is known and objective: Drug-drug interactions can involve inhibition or induction of cell membrane transporters. Deinduction occurs after an inducing agent is stopped.
Case summary: This case describes suspected P-glycoprotein (P-gp) deinduction by carbamazepine resulting in a slow viral response during treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Evidence of deinduction occurred beyond clearance of carbamazepine and resulted in extension of HCV treatment.
What is new: The understanding of the role P-gp transport plays in drug elimination is relatively new and evidence of P-gp deinduction is variable.
Conclusion: Clinicians should consider deinduction when starting and stopping medications involving strong inducers of P-gp transport proteins.