Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (D.E.K.).
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the most common bloodborne pathogen in the United States, chronically affecting approximately 2.4 million Americans, most of whom are unaware of the infection. Highly effective, well-tolerated therapies are now available with markedly simplified treatment algorithms. Eradication of HCV is a national goal. Increased efforts to extend access to treatment to populations that traditionally are difficult to treat, such as persons who inject drugs, are critical to achieving eradication. Given the magnitude of the disease burden, an increased role of primary care providers in screening, patient stratification, and treatment will be needed.