- 1Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa.
- 2Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada.
HCV infection is associated with chronic kidney disease due to several mechanisms. Patients treated with interferon-based regimens demonstrate improved renal function and reduced incidence of chronic kidney disease. There is scarce evidence on the effect of direct acting antiviral regimens (DAAs) on renal function.We evaluated serial measures of renal function in a cohort of HCV-infected participants following completion of DAA-based treatment regimens.Measures of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were estimated by the CKD-EPI equation. Data was recorded at end of treatment, and at 6-12 months, 12-24 months, and greater than 24 months following treatment completion. Group-based trajectory modeling was used to determine distinct GFR trajectories. Predictors of group membership were determined by multinomial regression analysis.Six trajectories were identified. One trajectory comprising 27% of the cohort demonstrated declining renal function and the others demonstrated no change in renal function over time. Baseline GFR did not predict SVR. Diabetes was associated with lower post-treatment GFR but patients with diabetes did not demonstrate a decrease in GFR over the period of evaluation. Cirrhosis and SVR were not significant predictors of GFR or GFR trajectory.There is no clinically relevant change in renal function among the majority of HCV-infected patients following completion of DAA-based treatments. Renal function does not influence the efficacy of DAA-based regimens. No consistent effect of DAA treatment and/or SVR on renal function was observed over a 2-year period following treatment completion.