- 1Texas Liver Institute University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio Texas.
- 2Transplant and HPB Institute St. Vincent Medical Center Los Angeles California.
- 3Janssen Research & Development Janssen Pharmaceutica NV Beerse Belgium.
- 4Janssen Research & Development LLC Titusville New Jersey.
Background and aims: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have resulted in high rates of sustained virologic response (SVR) following 8 to 24 weeks of treatment. However, difficult-to-cure/cirrhotic patients typically require a longer treatment duration and less is known regarding the long-term durability of SVR or effect on liver disease progression; to assess this, the IMPACT study followed patients for a 3-year period after end of treatment.
Methods: The Phase II, open-label, nonrandomized IMPACT study assessed the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of the combination of three DAAs (simeprevir, sofosbuvir, and daclatasvir) in HCV genotype 1/4-infected, treatment-naïve/-experienced cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension or decompensated liver disease. Patients from a single site in the United States were assigned to one of two groups by Child-Pugh (CP) score: CP A, CP score less than 7 and evidence of portal hypertension; CP B, CP score of 7 to 9. All patients received simeprevir 150 mg, daclatasvir 60 mg, and sofosbuvir 400 mg once-daily for 12 weeks between September 2014 and August 2015. All 40 patients included in the study (male, 63%; median age, 58.5 years) achieved SVR 12 and 24 weeks after end of treatment, and the combination was well tolerated.
Results: All patients who reached the 3-year follow-up timepoint maintained SVR (CP A, 15/15; CP B, 18/18). CP scores and Model for End-stage Liver Disease scores remained relatively stable, and mean FibroScan and FibroTest scores declined. No new safety signals were identified.
Conclusions: In the IMPACT study, virologic response to simeprevir, sofosbuvir, and daclatasvir was durable over 3 years (http://ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT02262728).