1 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
2 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA. Electronic address: email@example.com.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) figures prominently into the clinical hepatology landscape. NAFLD represents a disease spectrum comprising simple steatosis, steatosis with elevated liver enzymes, and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the entity with clear potential for fibrosis progression. Risk factors associated with fibrosis progression in NASH include histologic findings of lobular inflammation and any fibrosis as well as clinical comorbidities that include type 2 diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Liver biopsy remains the gold standard in evaluating NASH; however, noninvasive methods are accumulating evidence for a growing role in identifying patients at increased risk to develop NASH, fibrosis, and potentially cirrhosis.