1 Theoretical Biology and Biophysics, Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 87545, USA.
Mathematical modeling has been instrumental in enhancing our understanding of the viral dynamics of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. We give a primer on HBV infection in humans and a brief overview of the development of within-host mathematical models of HBV infection. In the last decade, models have advanced from considering chronic HBV infections under therapy to the pathogenesis of infection. We also summarize estimates of key viral dynamic parameters that have varied greatly among studies, and show that they impact model predictions. Future directions for mathematical modeling of HBV infection are proposed to better understand emerging therapies, the HBV life cycle, predicting cure, and the mechanisms involved in the immune response to HBV infection.