1 Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.
2 Division of Viral Hepatitis, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
3 NORC at the University of Chicago, Atlanta, GA, USA.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a public health threat. The electronic health record (EHR) can be used to monitor patients along the HCV cure cascade and highlight opportunities for interventions to improve cascade outcomes. We developed an HCV patient registry using data from Grady Health System's (GHS) EHR and performed a cross-sectional analysis of 72 745 GHS patients who received anti-HCV testing from 2004 to 2016. We created a testing cascade: (1) anti-HCV reactive, (2) HCV RNA tested and (3) HCV RNA detectable; and a cure cascade: (1) HCV RNA detectable, (2) engaged in care, (3) treatment prescribed, (4) sustained virologic response (SVR) tested and (5) SVR documented. A total of 9893 (14%) had reactive anti-HCV tests of 72 745 patients tested, 5109 (52%) of these had HCV RNA tested, and 4224 (43%) were HCV RNA detectable. A total of 2738 (65%) of 4224 with detectable RNA were engaged in care, 909 (22%) were prescribed antiviral therapy, and 354 (8%) achieved SVR. Factors associated with HCV treatment included cirrhosis, tobacco use, depression, diabetes, obesity, alcohol use, male gender, black race and Medicare insurance. Uninsured patients were significantly less likely to be prescribed HCV treatment. In conclusion, using EHR data, we identified high anti-HCV prevalence and noted gaps in HCV RNA testing, linkage to care and treatment. The EHR can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of targeted interventions to overcome these gaps.