1 School of Social Work, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, 35486, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org.
2 Human Development and Family Science, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.
3 Department of Public Health and Recreation Professions, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL, USA.
4 School of Social Work, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, 35486, USA.
5 School of Social Work, St. Catherine University-University of St. Thomas, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
6 Public Health Program, College of Health Sciences, Charleston Southern University, Charleston, SC, USA.
The purpose of the study was to determine whether veteran students and non-veteran students differed in their sexual behaviors and health practices and, furthermore, whether or not those differences were gender specific. Demographic characteristics of the study sample were explored by calculating frequencies and percentages by military service status. Research questions were explored with maximum likelihood multiple logistic regression. Results showed that student veterans were more likely than non-veteran students to have sex with multiple partners, with males and transgender students more likely than females to report multiple sexual partners. Student veterans were more likely than non-veterans to perform a self-examination for either breast cancer or testicular cancer, with transgender students more likely than females to report having engaged in a self-examination. Student veterans were also more likely than non-veterans to have been vaccinated against HPV or Hepatitis B, with male students more likely than females to have been vaccinated. Furthermore, transgender student veterans were less likely than female veterans to have been vaccinated. Finally, male student veterans were more likely than female veterans to report an STI-related doctor visit, with transgender student veterans more likely than female veterans to report an STI-related doctor visit. College campuses are increasingly implementing student veteran-specific programs and services; however, little if any research specifically has explored ways in which safety and health can be promoted within university settings. We recommend that institutions of higher education make concerted efforts to promote safety and health among its student veteran population.