The Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
Azienda Ospedaliera Ospedale Niguarda Ca' Granda, Milan, Italy.
Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Viral Hepatitis Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
Queen Mary University of London and Barts Health NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom.
Universitätsklinikum Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
Gastroenterology Department, VA Caribbean Healthcare System, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Infectious Diseases Division, Department of Medicine at Denver Health, Denver, Colorado.
AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, Illinois.
We evaluated the impact of opioid substitution therapy (OST) on the completion, adherence, efficacy, and safety of the 3-direct-acting antiviral regimen of ombitasvir, paritaprevir (identified by AbbVie and Enanta) co-dosed with ritonavir, and dasabuvir ± ribavirin among patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 1, with or without compensated cirrhosis.
Data were pooled from GT1-infected patients enrolled in 12 phase II/III/IIIb clinical trials and categorized by use of OST. Patients with ongoing drug use were excluded. HCV treatment completion, treatment adherence (≥90%), sustained virologic response at post-treatment week 12 (SVR12), and adverse events were assessed.
Of 4747 patients, 3% (n = 149) received OST. Among patients receiving OST vs those not receiving OST, 82% (n = 122) vs 52% (n = 2409) had GT1a infection; 76% (n = 113) vs 61% (n = 2792) were treatment naïve; and 17% (n = 25) vs 18% (n = 830) had cirrhosis, respectively. The proportion of patients completing HCV treatment did not differ between those receiving and not receiving OST (97% [n = 144] vs 98% [n = 4510], respectively), whereas adherence to treatment was reduced in patients receiving vs those not receiving OST (88% [n = 105] vs 97% [n = 4057], respectively). SVR12 was similar between patients receiving and not receiving OST (94% [n = 140] vs 96% [n = 4405], respectively; P = .273). Treatment was well tolerated.
Although treatment adherence was lower in patients receiving OST vs those not receiving OST, treatment completion and SVR12 were similar between groups. These data support the use of direct-acting antiviral therapies in patients receiving OST.