Gilead Sciences, Inc., 333 Lakeside Drive, Foster City, CA, 94404, USA. email@example.com.
Gilead Sciences, Inc., 333 Lakeside Drive, Foster City, CA, 94404, USA.
Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (Harvoni®), a fixed-dose combination tablet of an NS5A inhibitor ledipasvir and an NS5B polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir, is approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir exhibits a favorable drug-drug interaction profile and can be administered with various medications that may be used by hepatitis C virus-infected patients, including patients with comorbidities, such as co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus or immunosuppression following liver transplantation. Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir is not expected to act as a victim or perpetrator of cytochrome P450- or UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1-mediated drug-drug interactions. With the exception of strong inducers of P-glycoprotein, such as rifampin, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir is not expected to act as a victim of clinically relevant drug-drug interactions. As a perpetrator of pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions via P-glycoprotein/BCRP, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir should not be used with rosuvastatin and elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, whereas its co-administration with amiodarone is not recommended because of a pharmacodynamic interaction. This review summarizes a number of drug interaction studies conducted in support of the clinical development of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir.