Division of Gastroenterology and HepatologyStanford University School of MedicinePalo AltoCA.
Department of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina School of MedicineChapel HillNC.
Division of Gastroenterology and HepatologyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaPA.
Department of Medicine, College of MedicineUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleFL.
Department of Medicine, Keck School of MedicineUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesCA.
Division of HepatologyCarolinas Medical CenterCharlotteNC.
Department of MedicineWeill Cornell MedicineNew YorkNY.
We report the findings of an early access program providing treatment for chronic hepatitis C virus infection (any genotype) with daclatasvir and sofosbuvir with/without ribavirin to patients with Child-Pugh class C cirrhosis or prior liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C virus infection and advanced fibrosis/cirrhosis. Patients had <12-month life expectancies per the local investigator. Patients received daclatasvir 60 mg and sofosbuvir 400 mg once daily, with/without ribavirin, for 24 weeks. Sustained virologic response (SVR) at posttreatment week 12 (SVR12) was measured. Assessments adhered to local standards. One patient (prior Child-Pugh class C who improved to class B) enrolled by exemption was included in the overall data but not the class C cohort efficacy/safety data. Of the 77 treated patients, including 62 liver transplant recipients (genotype 1, n = 43, 69%; genotype 3, n = 16, 26%) and 14 patients with Child-Pugh class C cirrhosis (genotype 1, n = 4, 29%; genotype 3, n = 10, 71%), 63 (82%) completed treatment. SVR12 rates by modified intention-to-treat analysis (excluding nonvirologic failures lost to follow-up and withdrawal [consent/no reason]) in the overall, liver transplant, and Child-Pugh class C cohorts were 84% (n = 64/76), 90% (n = 56/62), and 62% (n = 8/13), respectively. Rates increased to 96% (n = 64/67), 97% (n = 56/58), and 89% (n = 8/9), respectively, in patients with available virologic data (including early discontinuations); 22/23 patients with genotype 3 (96%) achieved SVR12. Single cases of virologic nonresponse and relapse (both in liver transplant recipients with genotype 1) and viral breakthrough (Child-Pugh class C; genotype 3) occurred. Six patients died, 10 had adverse events leading to discontinuation, and 30 experienced serious adverse events. Conclusion: Daclatasvir plus sofosbuvir, with/without ribavirin, provided high SVR12 rates and was generally well tolerated in patients with life-threatening disease and high unmet needs.