1Asian Liver Center, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.
2Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Bucharest, Bucuresti, Romania.
3Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
4Lane Medical Library, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.
Hepatitis B is a condition that directly affects hundreds of millions of people, who may require testing for certain psychological constructs. This systematic review presents the current state with regard to the instruments that are used for the measurement of psychological variables in relation to hepatitis B. We conducted a comprehensive search in bibliographic databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library), and grey literature search. We identified commonly used measures, their psychometric properties and gaps in the research. Our findings from the 38 papers included in the review indicate that while several tests have been developed to cater to hepatitis B patients, most are focused on quality of life, with few targeting other needed directions, such as stigma or attitudes to vaccination. We also show the limits in current measures and discuss potential improvements.