1American Liver Foundation, Programs, Toledo, Ohio.
2Hepatitis B Foundation, Doylestown, PA.
3Robert G Gish Consultants LLC, San Diego, CA.
4The Texas Clinic, Houston, TX.
5Hepatitis B Initiative of Washington DC, Washington, DC.
6American Liver Foundation, New York, NY.
7Clary Strategies, Los Angeles, CA.
9National Harm Reduction Coalition, New York, NY.
10NASTAD, Washington DC.
11Asian Health Coalition, Chicago, IL.
12Professor of Medicine, Division of Liver Diseases, Mount Sinai.
13Clinical Professor of Medicine, University Gastroenterology.
HDV, which coinfects individuals living with HBV, is the most aggressive form of viral hepatitis. Compared with hepatitis B monoinfection, hepatitis delta is associated with more rapid progression to cirrhosis and an increased risk of liver cancer and death. Despite being a major contributor to hepatitis B-associated liver disease, hepatitis delta remains largely unknown to the general public, health care providers, and at-risk communities. Given the widespread lack of awareness and underdiagnosis of hepatitis delta in the US, the American Liver Foundation (ALF) and the Hepatitis B Foundation (HBF) convened a virtual Hepatitis Delta Roundtable Meeting on April 21 and 22, 2022. The Roundtable Panel included persons living with hepatitis delta, caregivers, liver disease specialists, primary care providers, state and federal public health professionals, and community-based organizations. The Panel identified several major challenges surrounding hepatitis delta, including a lack of awareness of hepatitis delta among the public and health care providers; complex risk-based testing protocols; a lack of accurate prevalence data; limited data on linkage to care; and inadequate communications among stakeholders. Potential strategies to address these challenges include improving and expanding education for different audiences; advocating for simplified protocols for hepatitis B screening with hepatitis delta reflex testing; expanding surveillance for hepatitis delta; requiring automated reporting and national notification; improving data sharing for research; and enhancing communications around hepatitis delta. The recent CDC recommendations for universal adult screening and vaccination against hepatitis B and the anticipated availability of new therapies for hepatitis delta present a unique opportunity to focus attention on this dangerous virus. The Roundtable Panel calls for urgent action to make significant progress in addressing hepatitis delta among individuals living with hepatitis B.