1Department of Emergency Radiology, University Hospital Careggi, Florence, Italy. Electronic address: email@example.com.
2Department of Emergency Radiology, University Hospital Careggi, Florence, Italy.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver cancer and is one of the uppermost 2 causes of cancer death. About 70%-90% of HCCs develop within a cirrhotic liver. According to the most recent guidelines, the imaging characteristics of HCC on contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography (CT) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) are generally satisfactory to make a diagnosis. Recently, new advanced techniques such as contrast-enhanced ultrasound, CT perfusion, Dynamic Contrast-enhanced MRI, diffusion weighted imaging and radiomics have increased the diagnostic accuracy and characterization of HCC. This review illustrates the state of the art and recent advances in non-invasive imaging evaluation of HCC.