- 1UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, North Carolina, NC, USA.
Objective: The purpose of this article is to review the pharmacology, safety, evidence for current use, and potential futures uses for combination therapy with pembrolizumab and lenvatinib.
Data sources: A literature review was carried out through PubMed to identify ongoing trials evaluating use, efficacy, and safety of combination pembrolizumab and lenvatinib. NCCN guidelines were utilized to identify current approved uses in therapy and medication package inserts were used to identify pharmacology and preparation requirements.
Data summary: A total of five completed clinical trials and two ongoing trials were evaluated for use and safety of pembrolizumab with lenvatinib. Data suggests that combination therapy with pembrolizumab and lenvatinib can be used first line for clear cell renal carcinoma in patients with favorable risk or intermediate/poor risk and in endometrial carcinoma as a preferred second-line regimen for recurrent or metastatic disease for biomarker-directed systemic therapy in non-MSI-H/non-dMMR tumors. This combination may have potential for use in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma and gastric cancer.
Conclusions: Use of non-chemotherapy containing regimens spare patients from extended durations of myelosuppression and reduce the risk of infection. Additionally, pembrolizumab with lenvatinib demonstrates efficacy as first line treatment in clear cell renal carcinoma, second line in endometrial carcinoma, and several potential uses on the horizon.