1Medical Oncology, University Hospital of Cagliari, Milan, Italy.
2Department of Oncology, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute Hospital, Milan, Italy.
3IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute Hospital, Department of Oncology, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy.
Introduction: Lenvatinib was the first drug approved in 2017 for first-line treatment of hepatocarcinoma (HCC) after 10 years of Sorafenib as exclusive standard of care. The therapeutic armamentarium has recently expanded following the approval of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab.
Areas covered: Numerous studies have been conducted during the past 5 years on Lenvatinib use in real-world settings in an effort to determine prognostic and predictive factors of Lenvatinib efficacy. In order to choose the most effective therapeutic approach, it may be helpful to summarize these results in this review.
Expert opinion: A subgroup that appears to benefit most from Lenvatinib therapy are patients with non-viral cirrhosis. This aspect is of great importance today considering the increase in NASH prevalence. Also, a significant proportion of BCLC B patients appear to respond well to Lenvatinib therapy. The biological heterogeneity highlighted in HCC patients, along with the growing number of therapeutic options, makes the identification of stratification tools able to define which patients are more likely to respond to a treatment rather than another one of crucial interest. Further investigation deepening the biological pathways underlying HCC carcinogenesis are of particular interest in order to pave the way for precision medicine even for HCC patients.