1Division of Abdominal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Geneva University Hospitals, University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland.
2Department of Pathology and Immunology, University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland.
3Division of Clinical Pathology, Geneva University Hospital, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland.
Over recent years, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common liver disorder in the developed world, accounting for 20% to 46% of liver abnormalities. Steatosis is the hallmark of NAFLD and is recognized as an important risk factor for complication and death after general surgery, even more so after liver resection. Similarly, liver steatosis also impacts the safety of live liver donation and transplantation. We aim to review surgical outcomes after liver resection for colorectal metastases in patients with steatosis and discuss the most common pre-operative strategies to reduce steatosis. Finally, as illustration, we report the favorable effect of a low-caloric, hyper-protein diet during a two-stage liver resection for colorectal metastases in a patient with severe steatosis.