- 11242144823 Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
- 2Department of Biostatistics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
Objective: Approximately 2.4 million people in the United States are living with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The objective of our study was to describe demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, liver disease-related risk factors, and modifiable health behaviors associated with self-reported testing for HCV infection among adults.
Methods: Using data on adult respondents aged ≥18 from the 2013-2017 National Health Interview Survey, we summarized descriptive data on sociodemographic characteristics and liver disease-related risk factors and stratified data by educational attainment. We used weighted logistic regression to examine predictors of HCV testing.
Results: During the study period, 11.7% (95% CI, 11.5%-12.0%) of adults reported ever being tested for HCV infection. Testing was higher in 2017 than in 2013 (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.27; 95% CI, 1.18-1.36). Adults with ≥some college were significantly more likely to report being tested (aOR = 1.60; 95% CI, 1.52-1.69) than adults with ≤high school education. Among adults with ≤high school education (but not adults with ≥some college), those who did not have health insurance were less likely than those with private health insurance (aOR = 0.78; 95% CI, 0.68-0.89) to get tested, and non-US-born adults were less likely than US-born adults to get tested (aOR = 0.77; 95% CI, 0.68-0.87).
Conclusions: Rates of self-reported HCV testing increased from 2013 to 2017, but testing rates remained low. Demographic characteristics, health behaviors, and liver disease-related risk factors may affect HCV testing rates among adults. HCV testing must increase to achieve hepatitis C elimination targets.