- 1Department of Internal Medicine, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.
- 2RTI Health Solutions, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.
- 3Eisai Inc., Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey, USA.
Background: Lenvatinib monotherapy was approved in the United States for first-line treatment of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (uHCC) in 2018. This study assessed real-world treatment patterns and outcomes of lenvatinib beyond first-line systemic treatment in the United States.
Methods: A retrospective study was conducted among US adults (≥18 years) with uHCC. Eligible patients initiated lenvatinib monotherapy as second- or later-line systemic therapy (2L-plus) from August 2018 to September 2019. Clinical outcomes included physician-reported best response, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS).
Results: Of 164 patients who received lenvatinib in 2L-plus, most (n = 133; 81.1%) received lenvatinib in 2 L. There were 109 patients (66.4%) who initiated lenvatinib after immunotherapy. At lenvatinib initiation, only 31.1% of patients had Child-Pugh class A, while half (49.4%) had Child-Pugh class B. Most patients had Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage B (23.8%) or C (38.4%) uHCC. Median duration of lenvatinib treatment was 6.9 months, with 42.7% of patients still on treatment at the end of follow-up. Physician-reported best response was complete and partial response for 8.5% and 44.5% of patients, respectively. PFS and OS rate estimates from lenvatinib initiation at 12 months were 51.7% and 57.8%, respectively. Among patients treated after immunotherapy, complete and partial responses were 10.1% and 43.1%, respectively, and PFS and OS estimates from lenvatinib initiation at 12 months were 52.8% and 60.0%, respectively.
Conclusion: This retrospective study suggests clinical effectiveness of lenvatinib monotherapy in a real-world setting among previously treated patients with uHCC, including among those previously treated with immunotherapy.