- 1Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Purpose of the review: Passage of the HOPE Act and the advent of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapies have allowed for expansion of the donor organ pool to include donors with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), thus providing new opportunities for waitlist candidates. This article provides updates on recent studies in solid organ transplantation (SOT) utilizing donors with HIV and HCV.
Recent findings: The first pilot studies of kidney and liver transplantation from donors-with-HIV to recipients-with-HIV (HIV D+/R+) show robust patient survival, comparable graft survival to transplantation from donors without HIV (HIV D-/R+) and no increased rates of HIV breakthrough. The number of HIV D+ organs utilized has been lower than initial estimates due to several potential factors. With high numbers of overdose deaths from the opioid epidemic, there have been more HCV D+ organs available, leading to transplantation in recipients without HCV (HCV D+/R-) in combination with DAAs. Outcomes in both abdominal and thoracic HCV D+/R transplantation are excellent.
Summary: With recent findings of good outcomes in both HIV D+/R+ and HCV D+/R- SOT, we feel the evidence supports both practices as standard clinical care options to mitigate organ shortage and reduce waitlist mortality.