1Department of Medicine, Loyola Medicine-MacNeal Hospital, Berwyn, IL, USA.
2Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.
3Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Introduction and objectives: Autoimmune liver diseases such as autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cholangitis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis are the primary indication for ∼24% of total liver transplants. The liver transplant allocation system is currently based upon the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease and it often underestimates the severity of autoimmune liver diseases. We aim to compare the rate of adverse waitlist removal among patients with all autoimmune liver diseases and other indications for liver transplant in the Model for End-Stage Liver -Na era.
Materials and methods: Using the United Network for Organ Sharing database, we identified all patients listed for liver transplant from 2016 to 2019. The outcome of interest was waitlist survival defined as the composite outcome of death or removal for clinical deterioration. Competing risk analysis was used to evaluate the waitlist survival.
Results: Patients with autoimmune hepatitis had a higher risk of being removed from the waitlist for death or clinical deterioration (SHR 1.37, 95% CI 1.08-1.72; P<0.007), followed by primary biliary cholangitis (SHR 1.34, 95% CI 1.07-1.68; P<0.011).
Conclusions: High waitlist death or removal for clinical deterioration was observed in patients with PBC and AIH when compared to other etiologies. It may be useful to reassess the process of awarding MELD exception points to mitigate such disparity.