1Center for Liver Disease and Transplantation, Weill Cornell Medical College, 1305 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10021, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org.
2AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL, USA.
3AW Morrow Gastroenterology and Liver Centre, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
4Toronto Centre for Liver Disease, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Introduction: High efficacy and safety of 8-week glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (G/P) therapy was seen in hepatitis C (HCV)-infected, treatment-naïve (TN), compensated cirrhosis (CC) patients in EXPEDITION-8. To provide further understanding of the efficacy of G/P treatment in HCV-infected TN patients with CC and clinical evidence of portal hypertension (PHT), this analysis focused on differences in sustained virologic response at post-treatment week 12 (SVR12) between 8-week and 12-week G/P treatment groups in patients with PHT, and on differences in safety outcomes between PHT and non-PHT groups.
Methods: Data were derived from an ad hoc subgroup analysis of the EXPEDITION-8 study for patients receiving 8 weeks of G/P therapy, and pooled patient-level data from nine clinical studies for patients receiving 12 weeks of therapy. Evidence of PHT included at least one of the following at baseline: FibroScan ≥ 20 kPa, platelets < 100 × 109/L, or medical history consistent with PHT. The primary efficacy endpoint was SVR12; adverse events (AEs) consistent with hepatic decompensation were assessed.
Results: PHT was identified in 60.6% (208/343) and 57.1% (224/392) of the 8- and 12-week groups, respectively. For those with PHT, SVR12 was 97.6% (203/208) and 98.7% (221/224) with 8- and 12-week treatment, respectively (intention-to-treat population). For those without PHT, 97.8% (132/135) in the 8-week group and 97.6% (164/168) in the 12-week group achieved SVR12. Eight patients with PHT, and seven without, did not achieve SVR12. Similar rates of AEs were observed in the PHT and non-PHT groups. Three cases of hepatic decompensation in the PHT group, unrelated to G/P according to the investigators, were reported.