- Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness and Safety (IQuESt), Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA.
- Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.
- Center for Observational and Real-World Evidence, Merck & Co., Inc, Kenilworth, NJ, USA.
Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in the United States have increased in recent years, with the most rapid rise among people who inject drugs (PWIDs). Historically, there have been concerns regarding treatment adherence among PWIDs with HCV infection, leading to undertreatment of this population and increased HCV transmission. Elbasvir (EBR)/grazoprevir (GZR) has demonstrated high rates of virologic cure (sustained virologic response [SVR]) in clinical trials enrolling PWIDs with HCV infection.
Objective: To evaluate the real-world effectiveness of EBR/GZR in HCV genotype (GT) 1-infected patients with a diagnosis of opioid use disorder.
Methods: A retrospective analysis of electronic medical records from the US Department of Veterans Affairs Corporate Data Warehouse. Adults with chronic HCV GT1 infection, ≥1 prescription for EBR/GZR, and ≥1 clinic visit were included. All patients had ≥1 ICD-9/10 code of opioid use disorder. SVR was the primary outcome.
Results: 419 patients were included; 97.1% had a history of any illicit drug use and 40.8% were receiving medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD). SVR was achieved by 96.9% (406/419) of all patients, 97.0% (350/361) of those receiving EBR/GZR for 12 weeks, and 95.3% (163/171) of those receiving MOUD. SVR in patients receiving psychiatric medications ranged from 96.1% (221/230) in those taking antidepressant medications to 98.5% (128/130) in those taking mood stabilizers.
Conclusion: In this real-world setting, high rates of virologic cure were achieved in patients with HCV GT1 infection on MOUD receiving EBR/GZR for 12 weeks, including patients with multiple comorbidities and high rate of psychiatric medication use.