The summaries are free for public
use. The Chronic Liver Disease
Foundation will continue to add and
archive summaries of articles deemed
relevant to CLDF by the Board of
Trustees and its Advisors.
Local recurrence following complete radiologic response in patients treated with transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma
Diagn Interv Imaging. 2022 Jan 31;S2211-5684(22)00006-7. doi: 10.1016/j.diii.2022.01.006.Online ahead of print.
Shamar Young1, Tina Sanghvi2, Sandeep Sharma1, Cameron Richardson1, Nathan Rubin1, Masters Richards1, Donna D'Souza1, Siobhan Flanagan1, Jafar Golzarian1
1University of Minnesota, Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.
2Minneapolis VA Medical Center, Department of Radiology, MN, 55417, USA.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the local progression rate and identify factors that may predict local progression, in patients who achieve a complete response (CR) radiologically after undergoing transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Materials and methods: One-hundred-forty-seven patients, who achieved CR of 224 HCCs after TACE, were retrospectively reviewed. There were 109 men and 38 women with a mean age of 61.6 ± 6.8 (SD) years (range: 45.4-86.9 years). Logistic mixed-effects and Cox regression models were used to evaluate associations between clinical factors and local progression.
Results: A total of 75 patients (75/147; 51%) and 99 (99/224,44.2%) lesions showed local progression at a median of 289.5 days (Q1: 125, Q3: 452; range: 51-2245 days). Pre-treatment, international normalization ratio (INR) (1.17 ± 0.15 [SD] vs. 1.25 ± 0.16 [SD]; P <0.001), model for end-stage liver disease (9.4 ± 2.6 [SD] vs. 10.6 ± 3.2 [SD]; P = 0.010) and Child-Pugh score (6 ± 1 [SD] vs. 6.4 ± 1.3 [SD]; P = 0.012) were significantly lower while albumin serum level (3.4 ± 0.62 [SD] vs. 3.22 ± 0.52 [SD]; P = 0.033) was significantly greater in those who showed local progression as compared to those who did not. In terms of local-recurrence free survival, the number of TACE treatments (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.05 [95% CI: 1.57-2.67]; P<0.001), INR (HR: 0.13 [95% CI: 0.03-0.61]; P = 0.010) and type of TACE (P = 0.003) were significant. Patients with local progression on any tumor did not differ from those who did in terms of overall survival (P = 0.072), however, were less likely to be transplanted (20/75, 26.7%) than those who did not (33/72; 36.1%) (P = 0.016).
Conclusion: A significant number of patients who achieve CR of HCC after TACE have local progression. This emphasizes the importance of long-term follow up.