1Department of Pharmacy, 21668University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.
2Department of Surgery, 21668University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
3Department of Medicine, 21668University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Background: Direct-acting antivirals for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) have improved outcomes in liver transplant recipients (LTRs). However, the timing of HCV treatment and approach to treating rejection have not been well described. Additionally, pharmacists' roles in these comprehensive areas have not been investigated. Methods: This single-center, retrospective, cohort review compared 1-year graft and patient survival between HCV-positive and HCV-negative LTRs. Secondary endpoints included 1-year rejection rates, HCV sustained virologic response and time to HCV treatment. Results: Ninety-two HCV Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAT)-positive LTRs were matched 1:1 to HCV-seronegative LTRs. One-year graft and patient survival were similar between groups. HCV-positive LTRs were more likely to experience biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR), and despite treatment with pulse steroids, there was no impact on graft survival or occurrence of fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis (FCH). Time to HCV treatment was 5.4-6.4 months post-transplant, with no treatment failures or impact on graft or patient survival. Conclusions: No difference was seen in graft survival at 1 year between HCV-positive and HCV-seronegative LTRs. Delayed time to treatment of HCV and treatment of rejections in the HCV-positive cohort did not impact outcomes. However, pharmacist-driven protocols could ensure more efficient initiation of HCV treatment in the future.