- 1Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Translational Science, University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Pharmacy, Memphis, USA.
Introduction: Hepatitis C (HCV) is viral disease with a global impact. Over the last 10 years, the treatment of this disease has evolved. Treatment guidelines have evolved to adopt new medications for HCV. These drugs have shown efficacy over 90% throughout the class as well as a better safety profile than the previous recommended pharmacotherapy. Dual-therapy DAAs emerged with FDA approval of Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) in 2014.Areas Covered: LDV/SOF is a dual-therapy option for chronic HCV patients (>6 months of infection) in select genotypes. This article reviews the studies relevant to the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic properties of these drugs as well as its trials leading to approval.Expert opinion: LDV/SOF is included in the AASLD/IDSA guidelines for the treatment of HCV genotypes 1a and 1b with or without cirrhosis and genotype 4 without cirrhosis with an evidence and recommendation rating of IA. Genotype 4 with cirrhosis and genotypes 5 and 6 carry a Class IIa level B recommendation. The combination is not FDA approved for genotypes 2 and 3. Single-pill regimens, like LDV/SOF, are important to maintain the quality of life of children and other special populations infected with HCV by shortening treatment regimens, avoiding complex pill regimens, and eliminating injection therapies.