Task Force for Global Health, Decatur, GA; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta GA.
Task Force for Global Health, Decatur, GA.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) cause 1.3 million deaths annually. To prevent over 7 million deaths by 2030, the World Health Organization set goals to eliminate HBV and HCV, defined as a 90% reduction in new infections and a 65% reduction in deaths, and prevent more than 7 million related deaths by 2030. Elimination of HBV and HCV is feasible because of characteristics of the viruses, reliable diagnostic tools, and available cost-effective or cost-saving interventions. Broad implementation of infant immunization against HBV, blood safety and infection-control programs have greatly reduced the burden of HBV and HCV infections. To achieve elimination, priorities include implementation of HBV vaccine-based strategies to prevent perinatal transmission, safe injection practices and HCV treatment for persons who inject drugs, and testing and treatment for HBV- and HCV-infected persons. With sufficient capacity, HBV and HCV elimination programs can meet their goals.