- 1Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Division of Digestive Diseases.
- 2Pfleger Liver Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, CA.
Hepatitis B virus reactivation (HBVr) can occur spontaneously, but more often occurs when a patient is in an immunocompromised state or on immunosuppressive therapy. HBVr can lead to clinical hepatitis, acute liver failure, and even death. HBVr is preventable with screening of at-risk patients and initiation of prophylactic antiviral therapy for appropriate candidates. Screening for hepatitis B virus is recommended for all patients who plan to initiate immunosuppressive therapy. An individual's serological profile, underlying disease, and planned type of immunosuppression contribute to their risk of HBVr. This review serves to summarize the major society guidelines regarding screening, management of, and monitoring for HBVr in individuals on anticancer therapy and immunosuppressive therapy.