1Section of Transplantation and Immunology, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
2Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is rapidly becoming the leading indication for liver transplantation (LT) in the United States. While post-transplantation outcomes are similar to other indications for transplant, recent evidence has suggested that reduction in risk factors for post-transplant metabolic syndrome may impose a significant survival benefit in this patient population. Cardiovascular mortality is the leading cause of death following transplantation for NASH. While pre-transplant pharmacologic and surgical approaches have been utilized to reduce cardiovascular risk factors following transplantation, the effectiveness of these treatment approaches in the post-transplant setting is poorly defined. Studies are urgently needed in the treatment of this rapidly growing population.