1Center for Liver Diseases, Department of Medicine, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, VA, USA.
2Betty and Guy Beatty Center for Integrated Research, Inova Health System, Falls Church, VA, USA.
3Center for Outcomes Research, Washington, DC, USA.
4John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.
5Duke University Medical Center and Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC, USA.
A fixed-dose combination of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) has been approved for treatment of HCV patients. We assessed the effect of LDV/SOF on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in HIV-HCV-co-infected patients. Patient-reported outcomes data from HIV-HCV-co-infected patients who were treated with LDV/SOF for 12 weeks were collected as a part of a clinical trial (ION-4). Historical controls were HIV-HCV-co-infected patients treated with SOF and ribavirin (RBV) in PHOTON-1. We included 335 HIV-HCV-co-infected patients (SVR-12 in HCV genotype 1 was 96%) who received LDV/SOF, while 223 patients (SVR-12 in HCV genotype 1 was 76.3%) received SOF/RBV. During treatment, patients receiving LDV/SOF showed improvement in all of their PRO scores (+6.0% in activity/energy of CLDQ-HCV, +5.0% in fatigue score of FACIT-F, +6.8% in physical component of SF-36; all P < 0.0001) while those receiving SOF+RBV showed moderate decline in some of their PRO scores (-4.8% in physical functioning of SF-36, -4.4% in fatigue score of FACIT-F, both P < 0.001). Patients who achieved sustained virologic response with LDV/SOF also showed improvement of PROs (average +5.1%) while those treated with SOF/RBV showed less or no improvement (average +1.4%). In a multivariate analysis, in addition to depression and fatigue, receiving SOF+RBV (vs LDV/SOF) was independently associated with more PRO impairment during treatment (beta -6.1 to -12.1%, P < 0.001). Hence, HIV-HCV patients treated with LDV/SOF show significant improvement of their health-related quality of life and other patient-reported outcomes during treatment and after treatment cessation.