Institute of Clinical Medicine and Research (ICMR), Jikei University School of Medicine, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan; Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kashiwa Hospital, Jikei University School of Medicine, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan.
BACKGROUND AND AIM:
The aim of this study was to clarify which or how factors could influence the probability of sustained virological response (SVR) in 24-week telaprevir-based triple combination therapy for East Asian chronic hepatitis C patients infected with hepatitis C virus genotype 1b.
Of 140 patients who were enrolled in this study, 137 received 12-week telaprevir combined with 24-week pegylated interferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin and were subjected to the analysis. Factors associated with SVR were analyzed by multiple logistic regression analysis.
Of the 137 patients, 112 (82%) achieved SVR. Of 87 patients with IL28B single nucleotide polymorphism rs8099917 genotype TT, 84 (97%) achieved SVR. By contrast, 28 of 50 (56%) patients with the genotype TG/GG had SVR (P = 3.29 × 10(-9) ). Fifty-three of 60 (88%) naïve patients and 50 of 54 (93%) prior relapsers achieved SVR. Nine of 13 (69%) prior partial responders and none of 10 (0%) prior null responders achieved SVR. Multivariable analysis identified four independent factors that were significantly associated with SVR: IL28B SNP rs8099917 genotype (P = 6.90 × 10(-5) ), pre-existence of cirrhosis (P = 3.99 × 10(-3) ), prior treatment response (P = 0.0126), and rapid virological response (P = 0.0239).
The IL28B single nucleotide polymorphism still remained informative as a predictor of SVR to 24-week telaprevir-based triple combination therapy for East Asian patients infected with hepatitis C virus genotype 1b.