1AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: Amit.firstname.lastname@example.org.
2AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL, USA.
3Orlando Clinical Research Center, Orlando, FL, USA.
4Texas Liver Institute, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, USA.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:
Paritaprevir, ombitasvir, and dasabuvir are direct-acting antivirals for treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The aim of this study was to characterize the effects of mild, moderate, and severe hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of these drugs.
HCV-negative subjects with normal hepatic function (n = 7) or mild (Child-Pugh A, n=6), moderate (Child-Pugh B, n = 6), or severe (Child-Pugh C, n = 5) hepatic impairment received a single dose of the combination of paritaprevir plus ritonavir (paritaprevir/r, 200/100 mg), ombitasvir (25 mg), and dasabuvir (400 mg). Plasma samples were collected through 144 hours after administration for pharmacokinetic assessments.
Paritaprevir, ombitasvir, dasabuvir, and ritonavir exposures (maximal plasma concentration, Cmax, and area under the concentration-time curve, AUC) were minimally affected in subjects with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. Differences in exposures between healthy controls and subjects with mild or moderate hepatic impairment were less than 35%, except for 62% higher paritaprevir AUC in subjects with moderate hepatic impairment. Paritaprevir and dasabuvir AUC were significantly higher in subjects with severe hepatic impairment (950% and 325%, respectively). However, ombitasvir AUC was 54% lower and ritonavir AUC was comparable. Adverse events included eye stye, insomnia, and pain from an infiltrated intravenous line.
The changes observed in paritaprevir, ritonavir, ombitasvir, and dasabuvir exposures in subjects with mild or moderate hepatic impairment do not necessitate dose adjustment. Subjects with severe hepatic impairment had substantially higher paritaprevir and dasabuvir exposures.