Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School Boston, Massachusetts 02114 USA.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the most common etiology of chronic liver disease in Western countries. Morbidity and mortality due to HCV-related end-stage liver disease are increasing, just as novel therapeutics arrive with the promise of better cure rates that prevent these complications. However, substantial barriers to successful application of these novel treatments remain, including the lack of providers with sufficient knowledge to address this epidemic. To address these deficits, this article aims to provide a general framework with algorithms to guide initial management decisions for HCV genotype 1 infection, the most commonly found genotype, based on therapies approved as of 2013.